IMHEN
Tin tức
National Framework for Climate Services in Vietnam: A need to be met?
Thứ năm, 28/01/2021

“There is a need to study, issue and implement the National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS) to provide users with a basis for their best decisions on agricultural production given that Vietnam agriculture is increasingly impacted by climate change” is the recommendation by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Thang, General Director of the Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change at the “Agro-Climate Services: Needs and Opportunities” workshop on the 28 January 2021 in Hanoi.

The Workshop was organized by the Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN), in collaboration with CARE International in Vietnam, with participants being national and international scientists, researchers and experts in climate, climate services, and agricultural producers.

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Thang, General Director of IMHEN at the workshop

Climate information is the key input for agriculture activities such as planning on production, crop adjustment, natural disaster prevention and control, plant tendering, etc. Climate information is even more crucial in Vietnam since 70% of the country’s population engage in agricultural production.

Globally, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) have been publicising the “Global Framework for Climate Services – GFCS” since 2009 with five major objectives: (1) to reduce social vulnerability to climate-related risks by providing better climate information and services; (2) to promote important global development goals; (3) to use information and services on global scale throughout the decision-making process; (4) to strengthen the participation of service providers and users; and (5) to maximize the existing services and infrastructure.

According to Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Thang, WMO introduced the GFCS to support countries in developing their “National Framework for Climate Services – NFCS” and climate services, especially the agro-climate services. In 2008, WMO issued the guidelines on “Frameworks for Climate Services at the National Level” which guides in detail the climate service development approach using the “end-user value chain”, which emphasises the role of users, the engagement of stakeholders in the NFCS and service provision, as well as the interaction between the service providers and the users. Based on which, various projects/programs on researching and practical implementation of the smart agro-climate service models have been implemented in the world and in Vietnam.

 

Mrs. Vu Minh Hai, Team Leader of Rural Ethnic Minority Women Program– CARE International in Vietnam at the workshop

“In order for the climate services-related activities to be effective and sustainable, the NFCS needs studying, issuing and implementing in compliance with the WMO’s guidelines. Nowadays, the industrial revolution 4.0 is a good opportunity to inherit the technology achievements in the implementation of the NFCS and development of climate services”, emphasized the IMHEN General Director.

According to Dr. Nguyen Dang Mau, Acting Director of the Research Center for Agro-Meteorology, IMHEN, agricultural development results in increased need for climate information. However, the income from agricultural production is not high, especially in mountainous regions. The household’s agricultural cultivation system is small-scaled, the production area tends to reduce due to urbanization; agro-climate information is neither diverse nor user-friendly. In addition, the research and implementation of climate-smart agriculture service model (CSA) remain in initial phase and have yet met the development expectation.

 

Dr. Nguyen Dang Mau, Acting Director of the Center for Agro-Climate

 

IMHEN also proposed a roadmap for NFCS development in Vietnam: initially, there is a need to assess the status quo of climate services, prepare infrastructure, identify the information need, develop policies and mechanism, etc. Then, develop and issue the NFCS and pilot the service provision, targeting at professionalization and capacity building.

At present, the Vietnam Meteorological and Hydrological Administration (under MONRE) is in charge of providing public weather forecasts, and managing the national hydrological observation system. The Administration proposed to focus on some contents attracting public interest, namely: study the temperature change trend for 2021-2100 under different climate change scenarios; study, provide the seasonal/annual drought/climate forecasts integrated with user-specific information needs (depending on specific sectors) to support the socio-economic development planning; study the inter-relation between climate mechanisms and the agricultural development and food security; exploit historical climate information (historical observation data) to serve the micro-climate information provision for different sectors (construction, urban planning, agricultural, etc.); advise, provide information about potential climate resources (wind, radiation, water energies, etc.) in specific locations to serve the effective production and development of suitable sectors, etc.

Participants of the workshop

According to the representative from CARE International in Vietnam, the NFCS is not included in the current development strategy of the meteorological-hydrological sector. In the coming time, Vietnam should include this content into the climate change response action plan of agricultural sector and the National Adaptation Plan 2020-2030 and relevant policies; develop a collaboration mechanism among line ministries during the development of the NFCS, and learn from international experience, and review and assess climate service models implemented in some provinces.

At the workshop, the representatives from IMHEN, the Vietnam Meteorological and Hydrological Administration, the Department of Crop Production (MARD) and some international organizations working in agriculture presented on the GFCS and some agro-climate service models; on the implementation of agro-climate service provision in Vietnam; on the need for climate information of agricultural sector in Vietnam and some current models providing climate information for agricultural production; and the end-user targeted value chain, etc.

Khanh Ly - MONRE